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music therapy

Learning disability

 

Autism Spectrum Disorder

學習障礙 自閉症光譜 

Music therapy is a psychological therapy which uses mainly musical improvisation to build a relationship between therapist and client. It can help people of all ages and abilities but is often used when someone finds it difficult to engage with a purely verbal therapy.

音樂治療是一種心理治療法, 主要應用不同樂器的即興湊合建立治療師和客戶的一種關係。音樂治療可以幫助任何年齡和智力的人,尤其一些對純粹應用語言表達的治療很難有互動的病人。

Work in music therapy is undertaken through building relationships both with a therapist and with music.People can discover new ways of communicating through the music and the therapeutic support allows them to gain confidence that people will listen.Music therapy supports the four guiding principles from Valuing People (2001) giving attention to the areas of rights, independent living, control and inclusion.People with a learning disability may find it harder than some people to think things through or express themselves.

Music therapy can help with:

  • developing a clearer sense of identity and autonomy;

  • increasing self-esteem and confidence;

  • encouraging greater integration with other people and the community;

  • increasing skills and abilities in communication and interaction with others, thereby reducing the need to use behaviour as a way to communicate distress or frustration;

  • facilitating personal and emotional development by supporting the expression of difficult feelings and emotions;

  • increasing the ability to reflect on, and process feelings

音樂治療怎樣能夠化揮效用?

音樂治療工作是從與治療師和音樂建立的關係中開展出來的.透過音樂 , 病人能發掘出新的溝通方式。還有治療中提供的支援能讓他們建立自信去相信別人會聆聽自己。音樂可以不說話來傳達情感。音樂治療可扶持那些表現出挑戰性行為的人或曾經歷喪親之痛,焦慮或被侵犯的人。思考和表達自己對有學習障礙的人而言可能更困難。

 

音樂治療自治在以下幾方面提供幫助:

  • 建立清晰的身分認知和自治權

  • 增加自尊和自信心

  • 鼓勵融入其他群眾和社會

  • 增加溝通和與他人交流的技能和能力,從而減少用行為來表達困難或挫折

  • 支持病人困難情感和情緒的表達能夠促進個人和情感的發展

  • 增加反映和處理情緒的能力

 

轉介原因

溝通問題:

輪流,作為主管, 和接受其他人的觀點可以增加意識和寬容。

 

情緒問題:

音樂可以不說話來傳達情感。音樂治療可扶持那些表現出挑戰性行為的人或曾經歷喪親之痛,焦慮或被侵犯的人。

 

情感問題:

治療師和治療組的成員可以通過音樂的互動和關係探索情感問題。