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music therapy

mental health

精神健康

Worldwide, it is estimated that approximately 450 million people have a mental health problem. In the UK, one in four people will experience a mental health problem in their lifetime, and the financial impact of poor mental health has been estimated at £100 billion in the UK .

Currently, provision of music therapy is uneven across the UK and people are not always able to access the support they need. Many more people affected by mental health problems could benefit from music therapy if music therapy services are supported to grow and expand. Music therapy is an effective psychological therapy in supporting and enabling people with mental health problems to manage their condition.

音樂治療是一種心理治療法,應用音樂豐富的元素: 旋律,節拍,和聲作為治療師和病人的主要溝通方式。治療師會細心傾聽, 使用聲音和樂器與受助者彈奏音樂,不論你認識音樂與否也可以用自己的音樂語言去溝通。音樂治療可以是單獨或者是小組的模式進行,醫療師會根據受助者的心理健康狀況設計療程。

How can music therapy help?

Music therapy is recognised as an effective psychological intervention in the care of children and adults with mental illness. It can play a valuable role in helping minimise the trauma and disruption often associated with hospitalisation, and can have a positive impact on negative symptoms experienced with a mental health illness, such as motivation, social withdrawal and diminished affective experience and responsiveness.

 

Music therapists work across the spectrum of mental health:

  • anxiety and depression (including post-natal)

  • eating disorders

  • addiction and drug abuse,

  • post traumatic stress disorder

  • phobias,

  • psychosis 

  • schizophrenia

 

Improvising together with a music therapist or in a group allows someone experiencing or recovering from mental illness an opportunity to relate safely with other people, and to explore and express feelings that may be too frightening to verbalise. Music therapy can also help a person with mental illness access positive and creative aspects of themselves, often hidden by feelings of low self-worth. For some adolescents, the transition to adulthood can be exacerbated by trauma, insecure attachments, disability and social deprivation leading to aggression, depression or self-harming. Music therapy offers a safe space for young people to explore these issues.

Music therapy can also help patients in high-secure hospitals, who are often isolated and in great emotional distress, form positive connections with other patients and staff.

音樂治療如何幫助有心理健康需要的人?

 

對一些在情感抒發上遇到困難,或一些不擅長用言語溝通的人會有幫助。利用音樂抽象的特質,撇除言語的隔膜,直接聯繫人與人之間的情感。

 

轉介原因

 

被轉診到音樂治療的人會有多種精神健康問題,包括:緊張,焦慮,抑鬱症,精神病,貪食和厭食毛病,或遭受精神創傷的人。

 

療程時會發生什麼?

 

病人不需要有任何使用樂器的以往經驗。在進行個人療程中,治療師會預備一些簡單的敲擊樂,鼓勵病人嘗試新事物和探索自己的聲線。有些人選擇起勁的彈奏,亦都有人選擇安靜的聆聽別人的音樂。但是最重要的是受助者可以有舒服的感覺。通過音樂和分享,病人得到治療師的支持和鼓勵。

 

這種治療方式能有什麼幫助?

 

治療師和病人一起合奏音樂,能讓病人去觸摸,探索和表達他可能不敢用語言描述的情感。有助於病人和治療師建立一個誠實,可信任的關係。有一些受助著會有言語表達的障礙,自卑感或心情抑鬱, 做成內向的性格。透過治療也使病人能夠接觸和表達自己的創意。

 

尋找音樂治療師 在香港音樂治療協會www.musictherapyhk.org 尋找註冊的音樂治療師。

MUSIC THERAPY RESERCH ARTICLE ON MENTAL HEALTH

Music Therapy May Offer Hope For People With Depression

 

Date:

January 23, 2008

 

Source:

Center For The Advancement Of Health

 

Summary:

 

A therapist may be able to use music to help some patients fight depression and improve, restore and maintain their health. Therapeutic interventions included listening to music in groups, body movement and painting to music, and improvised singing.

Music Therapy May Improve Schizophrenia Symptoms

 

Date:

November 01, 2006

 

Source:

Researchers at Imperial College London & therapists at the Central and North West London Mental Health Trust.

 

Citation: "An exploratory randomised controlled trial of music therapy for inpatients with schizophrenia" British Journal of Psychiatry, 1 November 2006